1年以上住むのなら、マンスリーマンションでも住民票って移せるの?

基本的にホテルの借りている部屋を、自身の本拠地として住民票登録することはできません。それは、ホテルが「一時的な居所」に過ぎず、生活の本拠地としては不適切だからです。では、ホテルよりも長期間利用することになるであろう「マンスリーマンション」の場合、特に利用期間が1年を超える場合においては住民票を移すのは可能なのでしょうか?

▲住民票の異動

  • 住民票を異動しないと起こりうる不便さ

そもそも、住民票を移さないことにどのようなメリットがあるのでしょうか?筆者の友人には何年もの間、転勤が頻繁であることを理由に本拠地に住所を残したままあちこちに引越しを繰り返していた例があります。住民票の異動は「転出届」と「転入届」が必要で、面倒さもありますが、住民票を移動しておかないと不便さも多いのです。まず、運転免許の書き換えは旧住所でないと出来ません。また、確定申告についても旧住所です。つまり、これらのアクションについてはわざわざ旧住所を管轄する各窓口まで赴かなければできず、場合によっては多大な時間を必要とします。さらに、選挙権は住所に由来するので、新住所での選挙権の行使ができません。その他にも国や地方公共団体などの公的機関に由来する免許や書類の類に関しても、新住所では変更や更新を行うことができず、不便さを感じ得ません。

  • 住民票を異動しなくても良い例

これらの不便さもそうですが、そもそもに引越しをしたら住民票を移す義務があります。もし、住民票を移していないことが判明した場合、5万円以下の罰金を科せられる可能性すらあるのです。ただし、いくつかの事例においては引越しをしても住民票を移す必要はないと裁判所で判断されています。まず、生活の拠点が移らない場合です。これは「住所」と「居所」の違いの問題であり、一時的な生活の拠点となる場合は住所として扱うのは不適切であり、本拠地を住所として扱うのが適当です。次に、引越し先の居住期間が1年未満であると前もって分かっている場合です。これは「1年未満に本拠地に戻る」という意思表示が、引越し前から明示できるという状況であり、新しい生活の拠点として扱わなくても良いと判断されています。要するに、新住所が「明らかに居所でしかない、住所として扱うには不適切である」ということが誰の目にも明らかであるという状況においては、住民票の異動をしていなくても罰せられることはないと言えます。

▲住民票の異動とマンスリーマンション

  • マンスリーマンション業者の見解

では、「マンスリーマンション」の場合はどうなるでしょうか?マンスリーマンションを取り扱っている業者のホームページにある「よくある質問」においてはいくつかのパターンがあります。主に「住民票の異動は可能」「住民票の異動はできない」「長期の利用の場合は相談」の3パターンに分かれます。最後の「長期の利用」については「異動はできない」の文言に付随する形で明記されていることが多いです。各業者ごとに規約が異なり、統一されているとはとても言えない状況です。

  • 境界線は「1年」

マンスリーマンションに住民票を異動できる条件としては、マンスリーマンションの利用が「1年以上である」ことがおおよその条件であると言えます。実際に「快適マンスリー(http://www.kaiteki-monthly.com/faq/flow.html)」では、「原則。住民票の移動は出来ません。但し、ご利用期間が1年を超える場合には別途ご相談ください。」と明記されています。この点、判例にあるように、住民票を異動しなくて良いとされる期間が1年未満であることも深く関わってきます。マンスリーマンションの利用は基本的に短期間であることを想定していますので、本来は「一時的な居所」に過ぎず、住民票の異動はむしろ不適切であると言えます。短期間で本拠地に戻るのに、その度に住民票異動の手続きをしなければならないのは煩わしく、デメリットの方が大きいと言えます。

しかし、人によっては1年以上の長期に渡ってマンスリーマンションを利用することもあるでしょうし、1年以上の期間を「一時的」とは言え、「短期間」として扱うのは不適当であると言えます。その間に国や地方公共団体からの郵便物は住民票の住所に届くのですから、本拠地に他の家族がいて郵便物を転送してくれるのなら問題ないでしょうが、一人暮らしの場合は重要な郵便物がいつまでも放置されることになります。また、県や市が運営している施設などは該当する住所に住民票が異動していないと利用できないこともあり、長期間の生活においても不便さを感じることも多くなります。マンスリーマンションを取り扱っている業者の中で「原則、住民票の異動は不可」となっている場合でも、「長期間の利用の場合は相談可」となっていることが多く、その目安は「1年」であると言えます。ただし、業者ごとに住民票の異動についての取り扱いは異なるので、契約の際に十分に確認をとっておくことが必要になります。

▲まとめ

マンスリーマンションへの住民票の異動は、業者ごとに細かな対応が異なります。しかし、1年以上マンスリーマンションを利用するのであれば業者と相談した上で住民票を異動したほうが良いと言えます。

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    若い人のカラオケデート。休日のデートといえば恋愛映画を観ることが絶対条件のようなものでした。お昼ごろ待ち合わせをして、午後の映画を観て、それから喫茶店などでコーヒーを飲みながら他愛のない会話をした後、街をウィンドウショッピングをする。女性は欲しいものがあれば彼氏に買ってもらうというスタイルが定番でした。そしてカラオケです。このカラオケルームは2人だけで過ごせる空間です。食べ放題や飲み放題プランのあるできるだけ安価なところに入ってリラックスします。しかし、2人しかいないのですぐに自分の番がやってくるので、かなりの数の歌を知っていないと焦ることもあります。交際がスタートして間もない頃は選曲中の時間が長く感じ、何か会話をしないといけないと思い、焦ったりします。相手が選曲中の静まりかえった空間に耐えきれず、どうでもいい話しをふってみたり、意味不明なことを言ってしまったり、無意識に鼻歌を歌ってしまったりします。曲を選んでいるほうも意味のない緊張感に襲われます。どんな曲が喜んでくれるのか、雰囲気がよくなるのか、そんなことばかり考えながら選曲しながらも、結局歌えない歌などを入れてしまって歌っている最中に途中で終了させてしまうこともあります。そんな時間が疲れてしまって恋心が覚めることもしばしばです。

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  76. 不妊の治療の一環として、「食生活に気をかける」「冷え性を治す」「健康な運動を行なう」「生活環境を」など、色々行っていると思われます。

    飲み物と共に、葉酸サプリを摂取することにより、不妊治療への相乗効果を得られるので、葉酸

    を上手に使用して、心を落ち着かせて生活をしましょ

    う。

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